The LOSA Collaborative is widely recognized throughout the aviation industry as the world’s first and leading organization in LOSA implementation, conducting LOSAs with Airlines, Helicopter Operators and Military Forces around the world.  The timeline below shows our history and key stakeholders involved that have contributed to the success of LOSA and TEM.

HNZ Group


The LOSA Collaborative surpasses 25,000 LOSA observations collected


HNZ Group (NZ) is The LOSA Collaborative's first offshore helicopter company to implement a LOSA

Flight Safety Foundation


The LOSA Collaborative is awarded the Flight Safety Foundation-Airbus Human Factors in Aviation Safety Award in Abu Dhabi

Singapore Airlines


The 100th LOSA conducted by The LOSA Collaborative occurs at Singapore Airlines, which is their third LOSA overall

Cumberbatch Trophy


The LOSA Collaborative is awarded the Cumberbatch Trophy by the Honorable Company of Air Pilots at Guildhall in London, England

Delta Airlines


Delta Airlines implements our 75th LOSA project

US Air Force


United States Air Force (USAF) Air Mobility Command becomes The LOSA Collaborative's first military organization to implement a LOSA

Air Methods


Air Methods is The LOSA Collaborative's first HEMS client



The LOSA Collaborative's conducts its 50th LOSA with Mexicana

Federal Aviation Administration


LOSA is formally recognized by the FAA as a Voluntary Safety Program with the publication of Advisory Circular 120.90

Internation Civil Aviation Organisation


Threat and error management (TEM) is recognized and adopted by ICAO in Annex 1 Personnel Licensing and Annex 6 Operations of Aircraft

Asiana Airlines


Asiana implements the 25th LOSA conducted by The LOSA Collaborative

International Civil Aviation Organisation


ICAO recognizes LOSA as a Standard and Recommended Practice (SARP) with the publication of Doc 9803 - Line Operations Safety Audit

Continental Airlines


Continental Airlines introduces the first known TEM training course to their pilots

Continental Airlines


Continental Airlines becomes the first follow up customer for The LOSA Collaborative, determining the effectiveness of change introduced as a result of the first LOSA

International Civil Aviation Organisation


ICAO endorses LOSA as the primary tool to develop countermeasures to human errors in aviation operations and makes the central focus its Flight Safety and Human Factors Program (Source - ICAO Document 9803)

Threat and error management


The TEM framework is presented to the public for the first time at the International Symposium on Aviation Psychology in Columbus, Ohio

Continental Airlines


Continental Airlines implements the first LOSA based on Threat and Error Management (TEM) and is recognized as first LOSA conducted by The LOSA Collaborative

Members of The LOSA Collaborative would like to recognize the FAA for funding line operations safety audit and threat and error management research during our time at The University of Texas through AAR-100.  LOSA and TEM would not have been possible without such support.  Thank you.

We also thank the many aviation safety practitioners and researchers that have supported and paved the way for LOSA and TEM over the years.  We truly stand on your shoulders.